Fakaofo lies 9' 38'S and 171' 25'W, and is the southernmost atoll of Tokelau. It consists of 62 islets measuring 4sq kms and its lagoon is 50sq km.
According to the 2006 Census, Fakaofo has a population of 483 with 29% being between 10 -19 years of age.
There are two settlements on Fakaofo. Fale the main settlement is towards the western side of the atoll, house the majority of the population. Two kilometres to the west of Fale is the relatively larger Fenuafala where a second settlement was established in 1960 to relieve the growing population. Fenuafala is now also home to the Fakaofo hospital, Tialeniu School as well Teletok, Tokelau's telecommunications provider.
Fakaofo has three churches to cater for its two practising religions, Catholic and Protestants. Of its total population 70% are Protestants and 22% are Catholics.
The Taupulega is the governing body on Fakaofo and it is made up of invited toeainas - elders.